Combined State / Upper Subordinate Services (PCS) Examination

Syllabus for Main (Written) Examination Pertaining to the Combined State / Upper Subordinate Services (General Recruitment / Physically Handicapped-Backlog / Special Recruitment) Examination and Assistant Conservator of Forest / Range Forest Officer Services Examination both.

Syllabus for Main (Written) Examination

OPTIONAL SUBJECT:

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

PAPER-I

Administrative Theory

I. Basic concept: Meaning, Scope and significance of Public Administration; Evaluation of Pubic Administration as discipline (New Public Admn., New Public Management and New Public Services), Public and Private Administration; its role in developed and developing societies; Ecology of Administration-Social Political, Economic and Culture.

II. Theories of Administration: Classical theory (Henri Fayol, Luther Gulick and others); Scientific management (Taylor and his associates): Bureaucreatic theory (Max Weber and his critics); Human Relations theory (Elton Mayo and his colleagues); Systems approach (Chester Bamard).

III. Principles of Organisation: Hierarchy; Unity of Command, Span of Control, Power, Authority and Responsibility. Coordination; Communication, Supervision, Centralization, Decentralization and Delegation.

IV. Administrative Behaviour: Decision Making with special reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of Communication, Morale, Motivation and Leadership.

V. Structure of Organisation: Chief Executive and his/her functions Line, Staff and Auxiliary Agencies, Departments, Corporation, Companies, Boards and Commissions, Headquarters and field relationship.

VI. Personnel Administration: Bureaucracy and Civil Services, Classification, Recruitment, Training, Career Development, Performance Appraisal, Promotion; Pay Structuring; Service conditions; Integrity and Discipline, Employer-Employee relations; Retirement benefits; Generalists and Specialists; Neutrality and Anonymity.

VII. Financial Administration: Concepts of Budget, Preparation, enactment and execution of the Budget; Performance Budgeting, Zero Base Budgeting, Accounts and Audit.

VIII. Accountability and Control: Concepts of Accountability and control, Control over Administration; Legislative, Executive, Judicial and Citizen control.

IX. Administrative Reforms: Concepts and processes, O & M, Work study and its techniques, Problems and prospects.

X. Administrative Law: Concepts and significance, Delegated Legislation, Meaning, types advantages, limitations and safeguards,Administrative Tribunals.

XI. Comparative and Development Administration: Meaning, nature and scope; Contribution of Fred Riggs with special reference to the Prismatic-Sala Model; Concepts
Scope and significance of development Administration, Political, Economic and sociocultural context of Development Administration, Concepts of Administrative Development.

XII. Public Policy: Concepts and significance, Theories of public, public policy formulation, execution and evaluation.

PAPER-II

INDIAN ADMINISTRATION

I. Evolution of Indian Administration: Major Characteristics of Mauryan, Mughal and British Periods.

II. Constitutional Setting: Parliamentary Democracy; Federalism; Secularism, Socialism.

III. Poitical Executive at the Union Level: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers: Cabinet Committees.

IV. Structure of control Administration: Central Secretariat; Cabinet secretariat Ministries and Departments, Boards and Commissions, Field Organizations.

V. Central- State Relations: Legislative, Administrative and Financial.

VI. Public Services: All India, Central and State Services. Union and State Public Service Commissions:Training of Civil Servants.

VII. Machinery for Planning: Plan formulation at the national level; NITI Aayog, National Development Council, Planning Machinery at the State and District levels.

VIII. Public Sector Undertakings: Forms, Top-level Managements, control and Problems.

IX. Control over Public Expenditure: Parliamentary Control; Role of the Finance Ministry, Comptroller andAuditor General.

X. Administration of Law and Order: Role of Central and State Agencies in Maintenance of Law and Order.

XI. State Administration: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, Chief Secretary, Secretariat; Directorates.

XII. District Administration: Role and importance, District Magistrate / Collector, Land Revenue, Law and Order and Developmental functions, District Rural Development Agency, Special Programmes of Rural Areas.

XIII. Local Administration: Panchayti Raj and Urban Local Government, Features, forms and problems,Autonomy of Local Bodies.

XIV. Administration for Welfare: Administration for the welfare of weaker sections with particular reference to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes; Programme for the welfare of Women.

XV. Issue Areas in Indian Administration: Relationship between political and permanent Executives, Generalists and Specialists in Administration, Integrity in Administration, People’s Participation in Administration, Redressal of Citizen’s Grievances; Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas;Administration Reforms in India.